Ernst Ludwig Kirchner was one of the most prominent painters of German Expressionism. Even more than that, he was one of the founders of Die Brücke! As an artist he focused both on painting and printmaking. Unfortunately, in the 1930s his work was considered degenerate by the Nazis and therefore many pieces were destroyed. Discover some of the artworks that survived!
Before all the horrible things happened, Kirchner produced many pieces of art. His expressionistic works represented a powerful reaction against the boring, and in those times outdated, Impressionism which was dominant in German painting when he first emerged. For Kirchner, Impressionism was nothing more than a symbol of the staid civility of bourgeois life. However what is interesting is that he chose to rework the typical Impressionist motif – ballerinas.
Kirchner always denied that he was influenced by other artists but of course, he had his favorite painters. Henri Matisse and Edvard Munch were clearly important in shaping his style. In 1898, Kirchner was impressed by the prints of German Renaissance artists, especially those of Albrecht Dürer, whose influence on Kirchner was lifelong. Also, fellow artists from Die Brücke were particularly significant in directing his intense and raw palette, encouraging him to use flat areas of unbroken, often unmixed color and simplified forms. This was only intensified when he discovered African and Polynesian art in 1904.
Much of Kirchner’s work shows his interest in malevolence and eroticism. Kirchner loved the modern vibe of the early years of the 20th century, the wild rhythm of crowded cities, and fashionable women. During the months leading up to the Great War, following the breakup of the Die Brücke in 1913, Kirchner painted numerous Strassenszenen, or street scenes. These works earned him well deserved recognition as an Expressionist painter of the city. He was particularly fascinated by circus artists, cabaret dancers, and sex workers, whose existence on the fringes of society belonged, in Nietzschian terms, to the same world as the visual arts.